Between Human and Machine: Feedback, Control, and Computing before Cybernetics

Between Human and Machine Feedback Control and Computing before Cybernetics Today we associate the relationship between feedback control and computing with Norbert Wiener s formulation of cybernetics But the theoretical and practical foundations for cybernetics contr

  • Title: Between Human and Machine: Feedback, Control, and Computing before Cybernetics
  • Author: David A. Mindell
  • ISBN: 9780801880575
  • Page: 324
  • Format: Paperback
  • Today, we associate the relationship between feedback, control, and computing with Norbert Wiener s 1948 formulation of cybernetics But the theoretical and practical foundations for cybernetics, control engineering, and digital computing were laid earlier, between the two world wars In Between Human and Machine Feedback, Control, and Computing before Cybernetics, DavidToday, we associate the relationship between feedback, control, and computing with Norbert Wiener s 1948 formulation of cybernetics But the theoretical and practical foundations for cybernetics, control engineering, and digital computing were laid earlier, between the two world wars In Between Human and Machine Feedback, Control, and Computing before Cybernetics, David A Mindell shows how the modern sciences of systems emerged from disparate engineering cultures and their convergence during World War II.Mindell examines four different arenas of control systems research in the United States between the world wars naval fire control, the Sperry Gyroscope Company, the Bell Telephone Laboratories, and Vannevar Bush s laboratory at MIT Each of these institutional sites had unique technical problems, organizational imperatives, and working environments, and each fostered a distinct engineering culture Each also developed technologies to represent the world in a machine.At the beginning of World War II, President Roosevelt established the National Defense Research Committee, one division of which was devoted to control systems Mindell shows how the NDRC brought together representatives from the four pre war engineering cultures, and how its projects synthesized conceptions of control, communications, and computing By the time Wiener articulated his vision, these ideas were already suffusing through engineering They would profoundly influence the digital world.As a new way to conceptualize the history of computing, this book will be of great interest to historians of science, technology, and culture, as well as computer scientists and theorists Between Human and Machine Feedback, Control, and Computing before Cybernetics

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    About “David A. Mindell”

    1. David A. Mindell

      David A. Mindell Is a well-known author, some of his books are a fascination for readers like in the Between Human and Machine: Feedback, Control, and Computing before Cybernetics book, this is one of the most wanted David A. Mindell author readers around the world.

    970 thoughts on “Between Human and Machine: Feedback, Control, and Computing before Cybernetics”

    1. An automatic control system typically has an electronic digital computer running a real-time program that reads inputs from sensors, compares them to desired values, and if they are different, sends commands to actuators to bring them closer. For a semi-automatic control system, some of the inputs come from human operators and some of the commands are sent to them. What was there before electronic digital computers were invented? The computer may have been mechanical or electromechanical instead [...]



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